Lake Ontario Fruit Program Enrollment

Program Areas

  • Food Safety
  • Variety Evaluation
  • Market Development
  • Pest Management
  • Cultural Practices

Enrollment Benefits

  • Telephone / Email Consultations
  • Fruit Newsletter?
  • Direct Mailings
  • Educational Meetings & Conferences
  • In-Field Educational Opportunities
  • On-Farm Research Trials

Enrollee Login

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  • Issues of Fruit Newletters
  • Helpful Diagnostic Tool:
      What's wrong with my crop?

Cherries

Cherries NY growers produce sweet and tart cherries.  Most tart cherries are grown in WNY and are processed into frozen cherries, pie filling, dried cherries, and cherry powder.  The new products have increased consumption of cherries due to the health benefits of antioxidants in cherries.  Sweet cherries are grown across the state and are commonly harvested in U-pick operations.  Cherries trees will start producing cherries in about 5 years after planting and will reach their greatest production in 10 years. 

Cherry trees are grafted to rootstocks to control height and require well drained soil.  Tart cherries are generally self fruitful, but sweet cherries need compatible varieties for pollination. 

For more information, go to Cornell Fruit Resources: Tree Fruit.

Relevant Event

LOF Advisory Committee Meeting

March 8, 2024
Spencerport, NY

2023 Virtual Orchard Meetup Summer Series: Managing the Uncontrollable

Last Modified: November 8, 2023

Recordings available on the Lake Ontario Fruit Program YouTube Channel.


Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD)

Last Modified: June 25, 2023

SWD resource links.


European Cherry Fruit Fly 2023

Last Modified: April 14, 2022

Resources on ECFF now available.


Past Webinar Recording Links

Last Modified: March 28, 2022

Check here for Lake Ontario Fruit Program hosted and/or promoted educational webinars that have been recorded and received permission for open publication.


Lake Ontario Fruit Webinar Recording & Video Links

Last Modified: July 10, 2020

Check Out Details for Links to recent LOF webinar recordings & video series.


LOF Summer Fruit Series Webinar Videos

Last Modified: June 30, 2020

Find the recording videos and pdfs of presentations from the Summer Fruit Series webinars.


Agriculturally Significant Fruit Fly 2020 Quick Guides

Last Modified: June 25, 2020

Now available quick guides and links for European cherry fruit fly (ECFF) & spotted wing drosophila (SWD).


Pollinator Resources

Last Modified: May 31, 2019

Links to help protect pollinators in your orchards.


European Cherry Fruit Fly

Last Modified: November 13, 2017

European Cherry Fruit Fly (Rhagoletis cerasi) a new pest of cherries was recently found in Niagara County, New York.

Click on View Details for more info.

DEC Registered Pesticides for New York

Last Modified: January 30, 2017

This the the link to access the the NYDEC pesticide registrations.  Access labels here.  

Bureau of Pest Management - Information Portal - http://www.dec.ny.gov/nyspad/products?13

Did You Experience Drought Issues on Your Farm?

Last Modified: January 23, 2017

Did You Experience Drought Issues on Your Farm?
Please Help Us Collect Regional Information So We Can Help You Be Better Prepared in the Future

As you know, the summer of 2016 was a period of lower than average rainfall combined with higher than average temperatures that led to a drought of moderate to unprecedented severity in New York and much of the Northeast

A 2016 NY drought survey is being conducted and we need your input.
Please click on details for more information.

What Herbicides control which weeds ?

Deborah Breth, Integrated Pest Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: March 29, 2016

This guide is used to identify the most effective herbicides to target specific weeds in tree fruit.  First identify the weed, or weeds, then find those weeds across the top of the spreadsheet.  For each weed, make a list of herbicides that are effective on the label.  Then you will need to double check the label to determine 1) if the tree fruit crop is labeled, 2) if the tree age is appropriate for use,3) what rate is needed for specific weeds and any soil limitations that might impact those rates.  You can go to the Bureau of Pest Management - Information Portal to find the labels to determine specific application requirements including the rates, timing, any adjuvants necessary, and any precautions to ensure crop safety. 

Revisions in EPA WPS comment period open until Dec. 23, 2015

Deborah Breth, Integrated Pest Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: November 13, 2015

EPA is finalizing changes to the WPS. The WPS is a regulation primarily intended to reduce the risks of injury or illness resulting from agricultural workers' and handlers' use and contact with pesticides on farms, forests, nurseries and greenhouses. The rule primarily seeks to protect workers (those who perform hand-labor tasks in pesticide-treated crops, such as harvesting, thinning, pruning) and handlers (those who mix, load and apply pesticides). The rule does not cover persons working with livestock. The existing regulation has provisions requiring employers to provide workers and handlers with pesticide safety training, posting and notification of treated areas, and information on entry restrictions, as well as PPE for workers who enter treated areas after pesticide application to perform crop-related tasks and handlers who mix, load, and apply pesticides. The full content if you want to review and comment can be found at http://www.regulations.gov/#!documentDetail;D=EPA-HQ-OPP-2011-0184-2510.
A summary chart of major cahnges between the new revisions and the current standard can be found here. 
http://www2.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-09/documents/comparison-chart-wps.pdf

Labor Cost Calculator for Platform Activities

Matthew Wells, Production Economics & Business Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: August 4, 2015

Download this spreadsheet to help calculate acres covered per day and labor cost per acre utilizing platforms.

New fungicides labeled for use in tree fruit - all Special Local Needs Labels

Deborah Breth, Integrated Pest Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: April 9, 2014

The new class of fungicides, SDHI's, are now registered for use in tree fruit.  Fontelis was registered last season, and Luna Tranquility and Merivon were registered this spring.  They are all registered in NY as "Restricted Use" fungicides.  Due to the special restrictions for use in NY, they also are Special Local Need registrations.  In order to apply these materials you must have a copy of the label and the SLN label in your possession.  You can access these SLN and label to study or print at these links. 

Plum Pox Virus Update

Deborah Breth, Integrated Pest Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: March 25, 2014
Plum Pox Virus Update

Department of Agriculture and Markets has released an update on the status of Plum Pox Virus (PPV) in Niagara, Orleans, and Wayne Counties. 

Produce Handling for Direct Marketing

Craig Kahlke, Team Leader, Fruit Quality Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: January 13, 2014

NRAES-51, Successful direct marketing of fresh fruits and vegetables depends on providing quality items in a clean and customer-friendly environment. This publication is valuable for growers who sell seasonal produce at local farmers' markets or roadside markets. It describes postharvest physiology, food safety, produce handling from harvest to storage, refrigerated storage, produce displays, and specific handling and display recommendations for over forty types of fruits and vegetables. Eleven tables and eight figures are included. (1992)

Successful direct marketing of fresh fruits and vegetables depends on providing quality items in a clean and customer-friendly environment. Produce Handling for Direct Marketing, NRAES-51, is an invaluable guide for the grower who sells seasonal produce at local farmers' markets or roadside markets.

The Commercial Storage of Fruits, Vegetables, and Florist and Nursery Stocks

Craig Kahlke, Team Leader, Fruit Quality Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: January 13, 2014

The information contained in this preliminary version of HB-66 has been assembled from information prepared by nearly 100 authors from around the world. The version posted here is a revised copy of a Draft made available online in November 2002 for author and public review and comment.

Animals in Fruit Crops

Last Modified: January 8, 2014
Animals in Fruit Crops

Orchards and other fruit crops are great habitat for many animals for food, and shelter.  Deer, voles, rabbits, wild turkeys, and beavers, have caused damage to trees, bushes and fruit resulting in serious economic losses. Animals also pose a challenge for growers who participate in Food Safety audits to prevent contamination of fruit at harvest time. Growers must take steps to manage animals in fruit crops.  P. D. Curtis prepares and updates the Wildlife Damage Management Chapter in the Cornell Pest Management Guidelines for tree Fruit and also for Berries.  

New and Unusual

Deborah Breth, Integrated Pest Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: November 25, 2013
New and Unusual

2013 highlights of new and unusual pests detected in the orchard.

Brief Overview of Labor Regulations & Recordkeeping for Farm Businesses

Matthew Wells, Production Economics & Business Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: July 31, 2013

This document provides a brief overview of state & federal labor regulations that apply to many fruit farms in N.Y.S., as well as examples of record keeping forms that assist growers in meeting these regulations.

Extending Shelf-Life, Marketing Window, & Quality of Sweet Cherries in New York

Craig Kahlke, Team Leader, Fruit Quality Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: July 15, 2013

Craig J. Kahlke1, Olga I. Padilla-Zakour2, Herbert J. Cooley2, and Terence L. Robinson3
1. Lake Ontario Fruit Program, Cornell Cooperative Extension, Lockport, NY. 2. Dept. of Food Science and Technology, NY State Ag. Exp. Station, Cornell University, Geneva, NY.  3. Dept. of Hort. Sciences, NY State Ag. Exp. Station, Cornell University, Geneva, NY

The results of 6 years of trials in New York with the use of Modified Atmosphere Packaging (MAP) are summarized.  Some varieties, such as Hudson and Sam, had excellent eating quality after 6 weeks of storage in MAP liners.  Many others had acceptable eating quality at 4-5 weeks.  Still others had good eating quality in the same time frame, but some lost stems at an accelerated rate after about 3.5 weeks.  Trials on over 20 varieties are summarized in Table 2. 

Still more trials need to be performed by individual growers, using their preferred varieties and cultural practices.   It takes relatively few cherries (50-100 pounds) and just a few dollars in MAP liners to conduct a trial. 


more crops
Apples

Apples

Apricots

Apricots

Asian Pears

Asian Pears

Blueberries

Blueberries

Cherries

Cherries

Currants

Currants

Gooseberries

Gooseberries

Nectarines

Nectarines

Peaches

Peaches

Pears

Pears

Plums

Plums

Raspberries / Blackberries

Raspberries / Blackberries

Strawberries

Strawberries

Unusual Fruit

Unusual Fruit

more crops

Upcoming Events

2024 Winter Fruit Webinars

Event Offers DEC Credits

February 16, 2024 : Week 1: Implementing Mating Disruption in NY Orchards

These webinars will provide updates on fruit-related topics and research happening at Cornell University. 

Webinars hosted by NYS IPM Program, CCE Harvest NY, CCE LOF Program, and CCE ENYCHP.


February 23, 2024 : Week 2: Hot Topics in Food Safety for Fruit

These webinars will provide updates on fruit-related topics and research happening at Cornell University. 

Webinars hosted by NYS IPM Program, CCE Harvest NY, CCE LOF Program, and CCE ENYCHP.


Event Offers DEC Credits

February 26, 2024 : Week 3: Soil Health for NY Orchards

These webinars will provide updates on fruit-related topics and research happening at Cornell University. 

Webinars hosted by NYS IPM Program, CCE Harvest NY, CCE LOF Program, and CCE ENYCHP.


Event Offers DEC Credits

March 6, 2024 : Week 4: Weed Management for Berries in NY

These webinars will provide updates on fruit-related topics and research happening at Cornell University. 

Webinars hosted by NYS IPM Program, CCE Harvest NY, CCE LOF Program, and CCE ENYCHP.


Event Offers DEC Credits

March 11, 2024 : Week 5: Insect and Disease Pest Management for Berries

These webinars will provide updates on fruit-related topics and research happening at Cornell University. 

Webinars hosted by NYS IPM Program, CCE Harvest NY, CCE LOF Program, and CCE ENYCHP.


Event Offers DEC Credits

March 19, 2024 : Week 6: Stone Fruit - Rootstocks and Disease Management

These webinars will provide updates on fruit-related topics and research happening at Cornell University. 

Webinars hosted by NYS IPM Program, CCE Harvest NY, CCE LOF Program, and CCE ENYCHP.

LOF Advisory Committee Meeting

March 8, 2024
Spencerport, NY

Please join us for our advisory meeting, join the team as they share their current and future projects and programming. Please pre-register by noon on March 5th.

2024 Orleans County - DEC Certified Pesticide Applicator License Pre-Exam Training

March 14, 2024 : DEC Certified Applicator Pre-Exam Training Day 1
Albion, NY

This training is only for those with experience and does not qualify for the 30-hour official DEC training - you are exempt from the 30 hour training (and eligible for this coaching session) if you have pesticide application experience, either through working on your own farm or through employment on another farm.


March 18, 2024 : DEC Certified Applicator Pre-Exam Training Day 2
Albion, NY

This training is only for those with experience and does not qualify for the 30-hour official DEC training - you are exempt from the 30 hour training (and eligible for this coaching session) if you have pesticide application experience, either through working on your own farm or through employment on another farm.

Announcements

Scaffolds podcast

Many of you probably read Art Agnello's statewide tree fruit updates and recommendations newsletter, "Scaffolds". Dr. Monique Rivera is bringing it back, but in a new audio version. Episode one was recorded this week, and is now available for free online at https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/scaffolds


Save the Date! - Scroll down for Upcoming Events

Have you missed a meeting recently? Scroll down for available recordings or pdf links or visits our YouTube Channel https://www.youtube.com/c/LakeOntarioFruitProgram

2024 Events:

23 Feb - Winter Fruit Webinars - Week 2 - 12 - 1:30pm

26 Feb - Winter Fruit Webinars - Week 3 - 1 - 3pm

6 Mar - Winter Fruit Webinars - Week 4 - 12 - 2pm

8 Mar - LOF Advisory Meeting - 10am-3pm, Ogden, Register now

11 Mar - Winter Fruit Webinars - Week 5 - 12 - 2pm

14 & 18 Mar - Pre-Exam Training and Test to Become a Certified Pesticide Applicator - Orleans Co CCE, 8:30am - 12:30pm, Register by March 1st

19 Mar - Winter Fruit Webinars - Week 6 - 12 - 1:30pm

21 Mar - DEC Certified Pesticide Applicator Exam - Orleans Co CCE, Check in 8:30am, Register with DEC

3 Apr - 2024 Respirator Fit Testing - 1-5pm, CCE Orleans County, Schedule Today

4 Apr - 2024 Respirator Fit Testing - 8am - 12pm, CCE Orleans County, Schedule Today

9 Apr - DEC Special Permit Handler Training - CCE Wayne County

10 Apr - DEC Special Permit Handler Training - CCE Orleans County



Food Safety Virtual Office Hours

Cornell Institute of Food Safety "Virtual Office Hours", Tuesdays Noon to 1pm https://cals.cornell.edu/institute-for-food-safety/resources/virtual-office-hours

Past recorded virtual office hours can be found on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZJs5b7KUuvfcquH3ZtQHo5dSmF2m5MdQ


Webinar Recordings & Additional Meeting Materials

Check out the recordings of some recent webinars and/or conference materials from in person events: Recordings and Playlists are available at https://www.youtube.com/c/LakeOntarioFruitProgram

PACMAN Details and Resources, Meeting Recording Links below:



Pollinator Resouces

Now available Pollinator Resource Links


Meeting Recordings Now Available

Did you miss the recent meeting?  Check and see if we recorded it and added it to our website or Lake Ontario Fruit Program YouTube Channel.

Honeycrisp Meetup recordings available here.

Why are my trees growing so poorly? recording available here.

Additional Recorded Webinars listing with recording and resource link are available at



New Publication on Growing Pawpaws

Are you a fan of pawpaws? These custardy fruits can be hard to come across, so this guide provides information on how to grow your own pawpaw from seed, and how to care for grafted seedlings. Pdf on growing now available.​ https://lof.cce.cornell.edu/submission.php?id=799&crumb=crops|crops|unusual_fruit|crop*50

New Weed Management Technology Survey

Want to move away from herbicide reliance? Are you using novel technologies to manage weeds? We want to know about it to inform our weed science research. A team of weed scientists from University of California Davis, Oregon State University, and Cornell University are asking berry, tree fruit, tree nut, and vine crop growers to take 5 to 10 minutes and answer this short and anonymous survey. Weed Technology Survey link: https://cornell.ca1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_bEpfAijoP7puQDP

For more information on this survey please visit http://blogs.cornell.edu/swd1/2020/12/02/new-weed-management-technology/


Pollinator Webinar Series - Summer 2020

The Pollinator Webinar Series presented by Penn State cover bee health and pollination services.



Bloom Pesticides for Pollinator Health

A reference table created by Janet van Zoeren and Anna Wallis, is now available at https://lof.cce.cornell.edu/submission.php?id=711&crumb=pests|pests.