Lake Ontario Fruit Program Enrollment

Program Areas

  • Food Safety
  • Variety Evaluation
  • Market Development
  • Pest Management
  • Cultural Practices

Enrollment Benefits

  • Telephone / Email Consultations
  • Fruit Newsletter?
  • Direct Mailings
  • Educational Meetings & Conferences
  • In-Field Educational Opportunities
  • On-Farm Research Trials

Enrollee Login

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  • Issues of Fruit Newletters
  • Helpful Diagnostic Tool:
      What's wrong with my crop?

Cherries

Cherries NY growers produce sweet and tart cherries.  Most tart cherries are grown in WNY and are processed into frozen cherries, pie filling, dried cherries, and cherry powder.  The new products have increased consumption of cherries due to the health benefits of antioxidants in cherries.  Sweet cherries are grown across the state and are commonly harvested in U-pick operations.  Cherries trees will start producing cherries in about 5 years after planting and will reach their greatest production in 10 years. 

Cherry trees are grafted to rootstocks to control height and require well drained soil.  Tart cherries are generally self fruitful, but sweet cherries need compatible varieties for pollination. 

For more information, go to Cornell Fruit Resources: Tree Fruit.

Relevant Event

LOF Summer Tour 2022

Event Offers DEC Credits

August 9, 2022

European Cherry Fruit Fly 2021

Last Modified: April 14, 2022

Resources on ECFF now available.


Lake Ontario Fruit Webinar Recording & Video Links

Last Modified: July 10, 2020

Check Out Details for Links to recent LOF webinar recordings & video series.


LOF Summer Fruit Series Webinar Videos

Last Modified: June 30, 2020

Find the recording videos and pdfs of presentations from the Summer Fruit Series webinars.


Agriculturally Significant Fruit Fly 2020 Quick Guides

Last Modified: June 25, 2020

Now available quick guides and links for European cherry fruit fly (ECFF) & spotted wing drosophila (SWD).


Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD)

Last Modified: June 25, 2020

SWD resource links.


Pollinator Resources

Last Modified: May 31, 2019

Links to help protect pollinators in your orchards.


European Cherry Fruit Fly

Last Modified: November 13, 2017

European Cherry Fruit Fly (Rhagoletis cerasi) a new pest of cherries was recently found in Niagara County, New York.

Click on View Details for more info.

DEC Registered Pesticides for New York

Last Modified: January 30, 2017

This the the link to access the the NYDEC pesticide registrations.  Access labels here.  

Bureau of Pest Management - Information Portal - http://www.dec.ny.gov/nyspad/products?13

Did You Experience Drought Issues on Your Farm?

Last Modified: January 23, 2017

Did You Experience Drought Issues on Your Farm?
Please Help Us Collect Regional Information So We Can Help You Be Better Prepared in the Future

As you know, the summer of 2016 was a period of lower than average rainfall combined with higher than average temperatures that led to a drought of moderate to unprecedented severity in New York and much of the Northeast

A 2016 NY drought survey is being conducted and we need your input.
Please click on details for more information.

What Herbicides control which weeds ?

Deborah Breth, Integrated Pest Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: March 29, 2016

This guide is used to identify the most effective herbicides to target specific weeds in tree fruit.  First identify the weed, or weeds, then find those weeds across the top of the spreadsheet.  For each weed, make a list of herbicides that are effective on the label.  Then you will need to double check the label to determine 1) if the tree fruit crop is labeled, 2) if the tree age is appropriate for use,3) what rate is needed for specific weeds and any soil limitations that might impact those rates.  You can go to the Bureau of Pest Management - Information Portal to find the labels to determine specific application requirements including the rates, timing, any adjuvants necessary, and any precautions to ensure crop safety. 

Revisions in EPA WPS comment period open until Dec. 23, 2015

Deborah Breth, Integrated Pest Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: November 13, 2015

EPA is finalizing changes to the WPS. The WPS is a regulation primarily intended to reduce the risks of injury or illness resulting from agricultural workers' and handlers' use and contact with pesticides on farms, forests, nurseries and greenhouses. The rule primarily seeks to protect workers (those who perform hand-labor tasks in pesticide-treated crops, such as harvesting, thinning, pruning) and handlers (those who mix, load and apply pesticides). The rule does not cover persons working with livestock. The existing regulation has provisions requiring employers to provide workers and handlers with pesticide safety training, posting and notification of treated areas, and information on entry restrictions, as well as PPE for workers who enter treated areas after pesticide application to perform crop-related tasks and handlers who mix, load, and apply pesticides. The full content if you want to review and comment can be found at http://www.regulations.gov/#!documentDetail;D=EPA-HQ-OPP-2011-0184-2510.
A summary chart of major cahnges between the new revisions and the current standard can be found here. 
http://www2.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-09/documents/comparison-chart-wps.pdf

Labor Cost Calculator for Platform Activities

Matthew Wells, Production Economics & Business Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: August 4, 2015

Download this spreadsheet to help calculate acres covered per day and labor cost per acre utilizing platforms.

New fungicides labeled for use in tree fruit - all Special Local Needs Labels

Deborah Breth, Integrated Pest Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: April 9, 2014

The new class of fungicides, SDHI's, are now registered for use in tree fruit.  Fontelis was registered last season, and Luna Tranquility and Merivon were registered this spring.  They are all registered in NY as "Restricted Use" fungicides.  Due to the special restrictions for use in NY, they also are Special Local Need registrations.  In order to apply these materials you must have a copy of the label and the SLN label in your possession.  You can access these SLN and label to study or print at these links. 

Plum Pox Virus Update

Deborah Breth, Integrated Pest Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: March 25, 2014
Plum Pox Virus Update

Department of Agriculture and Markets has released an update on the status of Plum Pox Virus (PPV) in Niagara, Orleans, and Wayne Counties. 

Produce Handling for Direct Marketing

Craig Kahlke, Team Leader, Fruit Quality Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: January 13, 2014

NRAES-51, Successful direct marketing of fresh fruits and vegetables depends on providing quality items in a clean and customer-friendly environment. This publication is valuable for growers who sell seasonal produce at local farmers' markets or roadside markets. It describes postharvest physiology, food safety, produce handling from harvest to storage, refrigerated storage, produce displays, and specific handling and display recommendations for over forty types of fruits and vegetables. Eleven tables and eight figures are included. (1992)

Successful direct marketing of fresh fruits and vegetables depends on providing quality items in a clean and customer-friendly environment. Produce Handling for Direct Marketing, NRAES-51, is an invaluable guide for the grower who sells seasonal produce at local farmers' markets or roadside markets.

The Commercial Storage of Fruits, Vegetables, and Florist and Nursery Stocks

Craig Kahlke, Team Leader, Fruit Quality Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: January 13, 2014

The information contained in this preliminary version of HB-66 has been assembled from information prepared by nearly 100 authors from around the world. The version posted here is a revised copy of a Draft made available online in November 2002 for author and public review and comment.

Animals in Fruit Crops

Last Modified: January 8, 2014
Animals in Fruit Crops

Orchards and other fruit crops are great habitat for many animals for food, and shelter.  Deer, voles, rabbits, wild turkeys, and beavers, have caused damage to trees, bushes and fruit resulting in serious economic losses. Animals also pose a challenge for growers who participate in Food Safety audits to prevent contamination of fruit at harvest time. Growers must take steps to manage animals in fruit crops.  P. D. Curtis prepares and updates the Wildlife Damage Management Chapter in the Cornell Pest Management Guidelines for tree Fruit and also for Berries.  

New and Unusual

Deborah Breth, Integrated Pest Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: November 25, 2013
New and Unusual

2013 highlights of new and unusual pests detected in the orchard.

Brief Overview of Labor Regulations & Recordkeeping for Farm Businesses

Matthew Wells, Production Economics & Business Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: July 31, 2013

This document provides a brief overview of state & federal labor regulations that apply to many fruit farms in N.Y.S., as well as examples of record keeping forms that assist growers in meeting these regulations.

Extending Shelf-Life, Marketing Window, & Quality of Sweet Cherries in New York

Craig Kahlke, Team Leader, Fruit Quality Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: July 15, 2013

Craig J. Kahlke1, Olga I. Padilla-Zakour2, Herbert J. Cooley2, and Terence L. Robinson3
1. Lake Ontario Fruit Program, Cornell Cooperative Extension, Lockport, NY. 2. Dept. of Food Science and Technology, NY State Ag. Exp. Station, Cornell University, Geneva, NY.  3. Dept. of Hort. Sciences, NY State Ag. Exp. Station, Cornell University, Geneva, NY

The results of 6 years of trials in New York with the use of Modified Atmosphere Packaging (MAP) are summarized.  Some varieties, such as Hudson and Sam, had excellent eating quality after 6 weeks of storage in MAP liners.  Many others had acceptable eating quality at 4-5 weeks.  Still others had good eating quality in the same time frame, but some lost stems at an accelerated rate after about 3.5 weeks.  Trials on over 20 varieties are summarized in Table 2. 

Still more trials need to be performed by individual growers, using their preferred varieties and cultural practices.   It takes relatively few cherries (50-100 pounds) and just a few dollars in MAP liners to conduct a trial. 


more crops
Apples

Apples

Apricots

Apricots

Asian Pears

Asian Pears

Blueberries

Blueberries

Cherries

Cherries

Currants

Currants

Gooseberries

Gooseberries

Nectarines

Nectarines

Peaches

Peaches

Pears

Pears

Plums

Plums

Raspberries / Blackberries

Raspberries / Blackberries

Strawberries

Strawberries

Unusual Fruit

Unusual Fruit

more crops

Upcoming Events

2022 Virtual Orchard Meetup webinar series - Orchard Efficiency: Labor and Technology.

June 2, 2022 : Part 1 Labor - Grower Experiences

2022 Virtual Orchard Meetup webinar series. Orchard Efficiency: Labor and Technology.
A four-part webinar series on Orchard Efficiency: Labor and Technology.

Part 1 Labor - Grower Experiences

June 16, 2022 : Part 2 Labor - Specialist Panel

2022 Virtual Orchard Meetup webinar series. Orchard Efficiency: Labor and Technology.
A four-part webinar series on Orchard Efficiency: Labor and Technology.

Part 2 Labor - Specialist Panel

June 30, 2022 : Part 3 Technology - Grower Experiences

2022 Virtual Orchard Meetup webinar series. Orchard Efficiency: Labor and Technology. A four-part webinar series on Orchard Efficiency: Labor and Technology.

Part 3 Technology - Grower Experiences

July 14, 2022 : Part 4 Technology - Specialist Panel

2022 Virtual Orchard Meetup webinar series. Orchard Efficiency: Labor and Technology. A four-part webinar series on Orchard Efficiency: Labor and Technology.

Part 4 Technology - Specialist Panel

2022 SAP Analysis

July 15, 2022

Peel sap sampling/collection ended for Western NY/Finger Lakes regions on July.

LOF Summer Tour 2022

Event Offers DEC Credits

August 9, 2022

Please join us for the 2022 LOF Summer Tour on Tuesday, August 9th! 

Stop 1: Kast Farms, Inc. Hosted by Brett Kast and family. Topics include herbicide trial updates, soil health, fire blight, mating disruption, and comparison of NY1 on G.41 vs. M.9-337 rootstocks. Stop 2: Fish Creek Orchards, LLC. Hosted by Jose Iniguez and Jason Woodworth. Topics include an introduction of the SCRI "Precision Orchard Management for Apple" project, and overviews by 3 companies working with us and growers under this umbrella - Moog, Vivid, and Dropcopter, who are working with Green Atlas for the cartography. Stop 3: Lunch at the Carleton Fire Hall & Rec Center. Lunch will be provided by Frank Penna Catering. Growers and other tree fruit industry folks will have the opportunity to visit with sponsors and likely view several demonstrations of new precision crop load management technology. Stop 4: Orchard Dale Fruit Farm. Hosted by the Brown family and employees. LOF's precision pruning work with our SCRI grant, and crop load management research with Farm Vision and Fruit Scout will be featured. Stop 5: Nesbitt Fruit Farms. Hosted by Shane Nesbitt and family. Topics include bloom thinning results on Honeycrisp with the use of the Pollen Tube Growth model, and grow-through on-farm nursery production. Note: There may be some minor changes to the itinerary.

1.75 NYSDEC Credits will be offered in categories 22, 10, and 1A.


Announcements

Save the Date! - Scroll down for Upcoming Events

2022 Events - for details and registration info click on the event title of interest:
CCE prioritizes the health, safety and well-being of the communities we serve. Given the uncertainty surrounding COVID-19, and due to an abundance of caution certain events will be cancelled. Please check back through out the week for any additional event cancellations.

Have you missed a meeting recently?  All recorded LOFP hosted webinars can be found on our YouTube Channel https://www.youtube.com/c/LakeOntarioFruitProgram


NOW - please scroll down to find links to Strawberry Grower Survey & Degradable Mulching Films for Sustainable Agriculture Survey!
A four-part webinar series on Orchard Efficiency: Labor and Technology.

Part 1 (June 2) Labor - Grower Experiences
Part 2 (June 16) Labor - Specialist Panel
Part 3 (June 30) Technology - Grower Experiences
Part 4 (July 14) Technology - Specialist Panel

9 August - LOF Summer Tour, eastern Orleans County - More info here:



Pollinator Resouces

Now available Pollinator Resource Links


Meeting Recordings Now Available

Did you miss the recent meeting?  Check and see if we recorded it and added it to our website or Lake Ontario Fruit Program YouTube Channel.

Honeycrisp Meetup recordings available here.

Why are my trees growing so poorly? recording available here.

Additional Recorded Webinars listing with recording and resource link are available at



New Publication on Growing Pawpaws

Are you a fan of pawpaws? These custardy fruits can be hard to come across, so this guide provides information on how to grow your own pawpaw from seed, and how to care for grafted seedlings. Pdf on growing now available.​ https://lof.cce.cornell.edu/submission.php?id=799&crumb=crops|crops|unusual_fruit|crop*50

New Weed Management Technology Survey

Want to move away from herbicide reliance? Are you using novel technologies to manage weeds? We want to know about it to inform our weed science research. A team of weed scientists from University of California Davis, Oregon State University, and Cornell University are asking berry, tree fruit, tree nut, and vine crop growers to take 5 to 10 minutes and answer this short and anonymous survey. Weed Technology Survey link: https://cornell.ca1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_bEpfAijoP7puQDP

For more information on this survey please visit http://blogs.cornell.edu/swd1/2020/12/02/new-weed-management-technology/


Pollinator Webinar Series - Summer 2020

The Pollinator Webinar Series presented by Penn State cover bee health and pollination services.



Bloom Pesticides for Pollinator Health

A reference table created by Janet van Zoeren and Anna Wallis, is now available at https://lof.cce.cornell.edu/submission.php?id=711&crumb=pests|pests.