Lake Ontario Fruit Program Enrollment

Program Areas

  • Food Safety
  • Variety Evaluation
  • Market Development
  • Pest Management
  • Cultural Practices

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  • Educational Meetings & Conferences
  • In-Field Educational Opportunities
  • On-Farm Research Trials

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Harvest/Storage

Harvest maturity testing and storage projects provide information to provide quality apples.



HARVEST/STORAGE CATEGORIES


Subscribe Now for Harvest Maturity Reports!

Craig Kahlke, Team Leader, Fruit Quality Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: August 17, 2021

Now is the time to renew your subscriptions to the Harvest Maturity Reports if you have not done so. Your $75 subscription (if in the Lake Ontario Fruit Program partner counties of Niagara, Monroe, Orleans, Oswego and Wayne) gets you critical information on a weekly basis during apple harvest. Fruit samples are collected early in the week from across the region and sampled for internal ethylene concentration, firmness, starch/iodine, and total soluble solids. Results are summarized and recommendations for harvest windows of major apple and pear varieties are either faxed or emailed to subscribers late in the week. Satellite subscribers outside of the four county regions can receive reports as well, for $100.


Lake Ontario Fruit Webinar Recording & Video Links

Last Modified: July 10, 2020

Check Out Details for Links to recent LOF webinar recordings & video series.


LOF Fruit Bites

Last Modified: July 10, 2020

See details to check out quick "how to" videos on a variety of fruit and orchard topics.


2020 Lake Ontario Winter Fruit School

Last Modified: February 17, 2020

This all day event provided 2 near-identical programs available on the West and East sides of Rochester on consecutive days.  We are featured an intensive Precision Honeycrisp management school in addition to updates on Labor, Fruit Farm Business Summary, as well as pests and diseases, including European Cherry Fruit Fly.  Pdfs for most of the presentations are now available.


Storage Workshop Key Takeaways

Craig Kahlke, Team Leader, Fruit Quality Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: August 28, 2019

Mike Basedow and Dan Donahue, CCE Eastern NY Commercial Horticulture 

    We both attended Chris Watkin's Cornell Storage Workshop in Ithaca on August 8th, 2019, and thought we would share the main takeaways. We've included some recent recommendations for Honeycrisp, Gala, NY-1, NY-2, Mac, Cortland, and Empire, along with a quick comparison of utilizing dynamic controlled atmosphere (DCA) storage and 1-MCP.


Reflective Ground Cover For Coloring Apples At Harvest: Could Yield Revenue

Mark Wiltberger, Business Management Specialist
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: June 20, 2019

Reflective ground cover has been used in fruit-growing regions for a number of years now. The Lake Ontario Fruit Team conducted a field trial in 2018 of reflective ground cover at two Wayne County farms. The infographic contains information about reflective groundcovers including the quality and economic benefits found in the study and additional information on types of groundcovers and suppliers.


Empire State Producers EXPO proceeding link

Last Modified: March 5, 2019

Links to proceedings and resources listed in presentations from the EXPO can be found here.


New CCE LOF Videos

Last Modified: October 18, 2018

Watch and see how NYS apples are harvested & check out the new hail netting project.


Produce Donations for Hurricane Relief

Last Modified: September 15, 2017

NYS Fruit & Vegetable growers are getting together some loads of "hard" crops (apples, onions, cabbage, winter squash and anything else you think will last a week at room temperature) to send down to TX and, likely, Florida.  Feeding America is handling transportation.  You will all receive a record of donation.

Dates are weekly to help donations be delivered to where they can be most efficiently used over the next month while emergency feeding continues.  More locations can be considered if we can get the pallet count to fill a truck at that locations.

Please see the attached PDF for more details and contact Maire Ulrich ASAP if you are interested in donating! (Maire: 845-742-4342/ e-mail mru2@cornell.edu/ office 845-344-1234 )


Predicted CA Cutoff Model for McIntosh

Craig Kahlke, Team Leader, Fruit Quality Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: August 18, 2017

Predicted CA Cutoff Model for McIntosh.  See attachment for full article.

MAF Sizer/Grader for Sale

Mario Miranda Sazo, Cultural Practices
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: August 10, 2017
MAF Sizer/Grader for Sale

MAF Pomone 2-lane Optiscan 2000 fruit sizer/grader with Orphea software and CCD camerafrom the Terence Robinson research program at the NYSAES in Geneva, NY. Manufactured in 1994 and purchased in 1996 as a prior demonstration machine and used to grade bushel sized samples of apples, pears, and peaches for quality comparison and research purposes. Unit is 32 feet long. Currently operating one-lane due to lack of parts. As is. Buyer incurs removal cost and labor. Must be removed by July 28th. Price reduced to $5,000. For more information contact Peter Herzeelle
ph373@cornell.edu, 315-781-2602.

Platform Payback Tool

Last Modified: March 2, 2017

This financial tool will assist growers in determining the annual savings by investing in a platform for pruning, hand thinning and harvest. Platforms eliminate the use of ladders and create a consistent work flow that improves labor productivity for labor intensive tasks in orchard systems.

Apple Harvest Preparation Checklist

Matthew Wells, Production Economics & Business Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: August 7, 2015

Utilize this pre-harvest checklist to ensure you have a successful harvest.  You can modify the checklist to suit your specific business.

Presentations - 2015 Winter Tree Fruit Schools

Last Modified: February 16, 2015

Presentations given at the 2015 Commercial Tree Fruit Schools in Lake George (LG) and Kingston in the Hudson Valley (HV) are available by clicking on the following links.  

Predicting Harvest Date Windows for Apples

Last Modified: January 14, 2014

For highest returns many factors need to be considered for harvesting fruit.  Harvest date has a major impact on apple quality after storage. The following pdf can be used to determine the best harvest window for apples.

Apple Harvesting, Handling, and Storage

Craig Kahlke, Team Leader, Fruit Quality Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: January 13, 2014

NYRAES-112, This publication is the proceedings from the Harvesting, Handling, and Storage Workshop, held on August 14, 1997 at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. Ten papers are included: "Management of Gala, Braeburn, and Fuji for Quality"; "Effect of Retainª on Storability of Apple Fruit"; "Retain™ Experiences with McIntosh and Jonagold in New York"; "Current Issues Facing Washington State Fruit Growers"; "Calibration and Use of Penetrometers, Refractometers, Gas Monitoring Equipment, and Thermometers"; "Review of Cooling Needs for Rapid CA Storage"; "Recent Research and Changing Options for Controlling Postharvest Decays of Apples"; "Do I Sell My Fruit for Fresh or Processing Markets? A Spreadsheet-Based Analysis"; "Update on Calcium and DPA Research"; and "Fresh and Minimally Processed Produce and Food Safety."(1997)

Produce Handling for Direct Marketing

Craig Kahlke, Team Leader, Fruit Quality Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: January 13, 2014

NRAES-51, Successful direct marketing of fresh fruits and vegetables depends on providing quality items in a clean and customer-friendly environment. This publication is valuable for growers who sell seasonal produce at local farmers' markets or roadside markets. It describes postharvest physiology, food safety, produce handling from harvest to storage, refrigerated storage, produce displays, and specific handling and display recommendations for over forty types of fruits and vegetables. Eleven tables and eight figures are included. (1992)

Successful direct marketing of fresh fruits and vegetables depends on providing quality items in a clean and customer-friendly environment. Produce Handling for Direct Marketing, NRAES-51, is an invaluable guide for the grower who sells seasonal produce at local farmers' markets or roadside markets.

The Commercial Storage of Fruits, Vegetables, and Florist and Nursery Stocks

Craig Kahlke, Team Leader, Fruit Quality Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: January 13, 2014

The information contained in this preliminary version of HB-66 has been assembled from information prepared by nearly 100 authors from around the world. The version posted here is a revised copy of a Draft made available online in November 2002 for author and public review and comment.

Blueberry Harvest & Postharvest Handling 2012

Last Modified: January 9, 2014

Blueberries are one of the toughest of the small fruit we harvest in the Northeast, so they are more forgiving in their handling. However, proper harvest and postharvest handling techniques will make for a higher quality product that has an extended storage and shelf life. Since nearly all of the blueberry plantings in our region are harvested by hand for the fresh market, training pickers becomes extremely important.

Bramble Harvest & Postharvest Handling 2012

Last Modified: January 9, 2014

Brambles (raspberries and blackberries) are the most delicate of the small fruit we harvest in the Northeast, so special care must be taken in their handling. Since nearly all of the bramble operations in our region are harvested by hand for the fresh market, training pickers becomes extremely important.

Forced-Air Cooling to Improve Berry Quality & Shelf-Life

Last Modified: January 9, 2014
Forced-Air Cooling to Improve Berry Quality & Shelf-Life

Berries are an extremely perishable crop, mainly due their brittle nature and high respiration rates. This is especially true of raspberries and strawberries, while blueberries, currants, and gooseberries are somewhat hardier. For every one hour delay in cooling of fruit after harvest, it is estimated that your produce will lose one day of shelf-life.

Extending Shelf-Life, Marketing Window, & Quality of Sweet Cherries in New York

Craig Kahlke, Team Leader, Fruit Quality Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: July 15, 2013

Craig J. Kahlke1, Olga I. Padilla-Zakour2, Herbert J. Cooley2, and Terence L. Robinson3
1. Lake Ontario Fruit Program, Cornell Cooperative Extension, Lockport, NY. 2. Dept. of Food Science and Technology, NY State Ag. Exp. Station, Cornell University, Geneva, NY.  3. Dept. of Hort. Sciences, NY State Ag. Exp. Station, Cornell University, Geneva, NY

The results of 6 years of trials in New York with the use of Modified Atmosphere Packaging (MAP) are summarized.  Some varieties, such as Hudson and Sam, had excellent eating quality after 6 weeks of storage in MAP liners.  Many others had acceptable eating quality at 4-5 weeks.  Still others had good eating quality in the same time frame, but some lost stems at an accelerated rate after about 3.5 weeks.  Trials on over 20 varieties are summarized in Table 2. 

Still more trials need to be performed by individual growers, using their preferred varieties and cultural practices.   It takes relatively few cherries (50-100 pounds) and just a few dollars in MAP liners to conduct a trial. 


more crops
Apples

Apples

Apricots

Apricots

Asian Pears

Asian Pears

Blueberries

Blueberries

Cherries

Cherries

Currants

Currants

Gooseberries

Gooseberries

Nectarines

Nectarines

Peaches

Peaches

Pears

Pears

Plums

Plums

Raspberries / Blackberries

Raspberries / Blackberries

Strawberries

Strawberries

Unusual Fruit

Unusual Fruit

more crops

Upcoming Events

Farm Tax School Series: Farm Specific Tax Code Benefits

January 25, 2022

For farm businesses of all shapes and sizes, tune in to learn more about the tax advantages available for farms. This workshop will include information for the current tax season.

view details

2022 Cornell NYS Tree Fruit Conference

Event Offers DEC Credits

January 27, 2022 : Day 1

CCE-LOF are excited to bring you another winter tree fruit conference in concert with our counterparts in Eastern NY, CCE-ENYCHP. While we held out hope as long as we could for a live event, we had to stay virtual, but we feel this program is very strong and will allow more attendees the flexibility to attend from their own homes/offices. We listened to your feedback from our conference last winter and we've made modifications. The conference will be two days instead of three, with more time for breaks.

Event Offers DEC Credits

January 28, 2022 : Day 2

CCE-LOF are excited to bring you another winter tree fruit conference in concert with our counterparts in Eastern NY, CCE-ENYCHP. While we held out hope as long as we could for a live event, we had to stay virtual, but we feel this program is very strong and will allow more attendees the flexibility to attend from their own homes/offices. We listened to your feedback from our conference last winter and we've made modifications. The conference will be two days instead of three, with more time for breaks.

view details

Financial Future - Futuro Financiero Classes for Western New York Agricultural Managers and Supervisors

February 3, 2022 : Day 1 - Class

Coming to Western New York Winter 2022!

Promoting the development of leadership skills among key employees is an investment in a business owner's most valuable resource - employees! Futuro Financiero is a 5-week professional development program specifically designed to increase leadership and managerial skill-sets, while increasing overall confidence in English language communication.

Futuro Financiero graduates are agricultural professionals, who posses the skills necessary to efficiently manage multi-lingual farm work teams. Participating farm businesses value and promote mutual respect and deeper cultural understanding throughout the workforce. This concept is particularly important where English and Spanish speakers convene to grow and harvest New York State's finest!

EligibilityOpen to all commodities. Spanish-speaking and aspiring Ag managers and farm employees in NYS. The Winter 2022 course will be held in the Western New York Lake Ontario Region. Please contact us for future course locations.


Invierno 2022: Clases de Futuro Financiero para Gerentes Agrícolas y Supervisores del Oeste del Estado de Nueva York

!Proximamente en el Oeste de Nueva York en el invierno de 2022!

¡Promover el desarrollo de habilidades de liderazgo entre los empleados clave es una inversión en el recurso más valioso de un empresario- sus empleados!. Futuro Financiero es un programa de desarrollo profesional de 5 semanas, específicamente diseñado para aumentar las habilidades de liderazgo y gestión empresarial, al mismo tiempo que incrementa la confianza de comunicarse en inglés de los empleados que no hablan inglés como primera lengua.

Los graduados de Futuro Financiero son profesionales de la agricultura, que poseen las habilidades necesarias para gestionar eficazmente equipos de trabajo agrícolas multilingües. Las empresas agrícolas participantes valoran y promueven el respeto mutuo y un mayor entendimiento cultural en toda su fuerza laboral. Siendo este concepto especialmente importante en los casos en los que hablantes de inglés y de español se reúnen para cultivar y cosechar lo mejor del Estado de Nueva York.

Requisitos: Abierto a todas las empresas agrícolas sin importar su rubro de producción; empresas que desean mejorar las habilidades de sus gerentes o mandos medios que hablan español o que cuentan con empleados aspirantes a gerentes agrícolas. El curso de invierno de 2022 se llevara a cabo en la región del Lago Ontario del Oeste de Nueva York. Por favor, póngase en contacto con nosotros para proporcionarles información sobre los lugares y ubicación del curso.

February 17, 2022 : Day 2 - Class

March 3, 2022 : Day 3 - Class

March 5, 2022 : Day 4 - Graduation

view details

Announcements

New Publication on Growing Pawpaws

Are you a fan of pawpaws? These custardy fruits can be hard to come across, so this guide provides information on how to grow your own pawpaw from seed, and how to care for grafted seedlings. Pdf on growing now available.​ https://lof.cce.cornell.edu/submission.php?id=799&crumb=crops|crops|unusual_fruit|crop*50

Save the Date! - Scroll down for Upcoming Events

2021 Events - for details and registration info click on the event title of interest:
CCE prioritizes the health, safety and well-being of the communities we serve. Given the uncertainty surrounding COVID-19, and due to an abundance of caution certain events will be cancelled. Please check back through out the week for any additional event cancellations.

Have you missed a meeting recently?  All recorded LOFP hosted webinars can be found on our YouTube Channel https://www.youtube.com/c/LakeOntarioFruitProgram

NOW - please scroll down to find links to Strawberry Grower Survey & Degradable Mulching Films for Sustainable Agriculture Survey!
27 & 28 Jan - 2022 Cornell NYS Tree Fruit Conference - virtual - Register Now

27 Jan - 3 Mar - Organizing Work for High Quality Results Course - Weekly Zoom - $275 - Register by 21 Jan

1, 8, & 22 Feb -  Northeast Extension Fruit Consortium Winter Webinar Series - Free Registration

3 & 17 Feb, 3 & 5 Mar - 2022 Futuro Financiero Classes for Western New York Agricultural Managers and Supervisors

8, 15, 22, & 29 Mar -  Northeast Extension Fruit Consortium Winter Webinar Series - Free Registration



Meeting Recordings Now Available

Did you miss the recent meeting?  Check and see if we recorded it and added it to our website.

Honeycrisp Meetup recordings available here.

Why are my trees growing so poorly? recording available here.


New Weed Management Technology Survey

Want to move away from herbicide reliance? Are you using novel technologies to manage weeds? We want to know about it to inform our weed science research. A team of weed scientists from University of California Davis, Oregon State University, and Cornell University are asking berry, tree fruit, tree nut, and vine crop growers to take 5 to 10 minutes and answer this short and anonymous survey. Weed Technology Survey link: https://cornell.ca1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_bEpfAijoP7puQDP

For more information on this survey please visit http://blogs.cornell.edu/swd1/2020/12/02/new-weed-management-technology/


Pollinator Webinar Series - Summer 2020

The Pollinator Webinar Series presented by Penn State cover bee health and pollination services.



Bloom Pesticides for Pollinator Health

A reference table created by Janet van Zoeren and Anna Wallis, is now available at https://lof.cce.cornell.edu/submission.php?id=711&crumb=pests|pests.

Pollinator Resouces

Now available Pollinator Resource Links


Article: "Supplemental Coverage Option for Apples"

Supplemental Coverage Option for Apples - Should you add this endorsement to your apple crop insurance policy?

Elizabeth Higgins, Ag Business Management Specialist, ENYCH


For the full article click the link below.

https://lof.cce.cornell.edu/submission.php?id=604




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