Lake Ontario Fruit Program Enrollment

Program Areas

  • Food Safety
  • Variety Evaluation
  • Market Development
  • Pest Management
  • Cultural Practices

Enrollment Benefits

  • Telephone / Email Consultations
  • Fruit Newsletter?
  • Direct Mailings
  • Educational Meetings & Conferences
  • In-Field Educational Opportunities
  • On-Farm Research Trials

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  • Issues of Fruit Newletters
  • Helpful Diagnostic Tool:
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Harvest/Storage

Harvest maturity testing and storage projects provide information to provide quality apples.



HARVEST/STORAGE CATEGORIES


Precision Apple Crop Load MANagement - PACMAN

Last Modified: January 29, 2024

PACMAN Research and Extension teams are entering their forth year of the USDA/NIFA/SCRI funded research and Extension project titled "Precision Crop Load Management for Apples".  See what they have learned about vision based technologies and potential management implications 


2024 Western NY Fruit Conference Materials

Last Modified: January 17, 2024

Presentations can be found in pdf format here after the conference, pending publication permission from author.


Local Fruit Industry Employment Opportunities

Last Modified: January 12, 2023

The Lake Ontario Fruit Program would like to offer this space on our website to help the local fruit industry bring future employers and employees together.  If you are looking for a local fruit industry job click on more details to see what is available. 


Subscribe Now for Harvest Maturity Reports!

Craig Kahlke, Team Leader, Fruit Quality Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: August 17, 2021

Now is the time to renew your subscriptions to the Harvest Maturity Reports if you have not done so. Your $75 subscription (if in the Lake Ontario Fruit Program partner counties of Niagara, Monroe, Orleans, Oswego and Wayne) gets you critical information on a weekly basis during apple harvest. Fruit samples are collected early in the week from across the region and sampled for internal ethylene concentration, firmness, starch/iodine, and total soluble solids. Results are summarized and recommendations for harvest windows of major apple and pear varieties are either faxed or emailed to subscribers late in the week. Satellite subscribers outside of the four county regions can receive reports as well, for $100.


Lake Ontario Fruit Webinar Recording & Video Links

Last Modified: July 10, 2020

Check Out Details for Links to recent LOF webinar recordings & video series.


LOF Fruit Bites

Last Modified: July 10, 2020

See details to check out quick "how to" videos on a variety of fruit and orchard topics.


2020 Lake Ontario Winter Fruit School

Last Modified: February 17, 2020

This all day event provided 2 near-identical programs available on the West and East sides of Rochester on consecutive days.  We are featured an intensive Precision Honeycrisp management school in addition to updates on Labor, Fruit Farm Business Summary, as well as pests and diseases, including European Cherry Fruit Fly.  Pdfs for most of the presentations are now available.


Storage Workshop Key Takeaways

Craig Kahlke, Team Leader, Fruit Quality Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: August 28, 2019

Mike Basedow and Dan Donahue, CCE Eastern NY Commercial Horticulture 

    We both attended Chris Watkin's Cornell Storage Workshop in Ithaca on August 8th, 2019, and thought we would share the main takeaways. We've included some recent recommendations for Honeycrisp, Gala, NY-1, NY-2, Mac, Cortland, and Empire, along with a quick comparison of utilizing dynamic controlled atmosphere (DCA) storage and 1-MCP.


Reflective Ground Cover For Coloring Apples At Harvest: Could Yield Revenue

Position Open, Business Management Specialist
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: June 20, 2019

Reflective ground cover has been used in fruit-growing regions for a number of years now. The Lake Ontario Fruit Team conducted a field trial in 2018 of reflective ground cover at two Wayne County farms. The infographic contains information about reflective groundcovers including the quality and economic benefits found in the study and additional information on types of groundcovers and suppliers.


Empire State Producers EXPO proceeding link

Last Modified: March 5, 2019

Links to proceedings and resources listed in presentations from the EXPO can be found here.


New CCE LOF Videos

Last Modified: October 18, 2018

Watch and see how NYS apples are harvested & check out the new hail netting project.


Produce Donations for Hurricane Relief

Last Modified: September 15, 2017

NYS Fruit & Vegetable growers are getting together some loads of "hard" crops (apples, onions, cabbage, winter squash and anything else you think will last a week at room temperature) to send down to TX and, likely, Florida.  Feeding America is handling transportation.  You will all receive a record of donation.

Dates are weekly to help donations be delivered to where they can be most efficiently used over the next month while emergency feeding continues.  More locations can be considered if we can get the pallet count to fill a truck at that locations.

Please see the attached PDF for more details and contact Maire Ulrich ASAP if you are interested in donating! (Maire: 845-742-4342/ e-mail mru2@cornell.edu/ office 845-344-1234 )


Predicted CA Cutoff Model for McIntosh

Craig Kahlke, Team Leader, Fruit Quality Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: August 18, 2017

Predicted CA Cutoff Model for McIntosh.  See attachment for full article.

MAF Sizer/Grader for Sale

Mario Miranda Sazo, Cultural Practices
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: August 10, 2017
MAF Sizer/Grader for Sale

MAF Pomone 2-lane Optiscan 2000 fruit sizer/grader with Orphea software and CCD camerafrom the Terence Robinson research program at the NYSAES in Geneva, NY. Manufactured in 1994 and purchased in 1996 as a prior demonstration machine and used to grade bushel sized samples of apples, pears, and peaches for quality comparison and research purposes. Unit is 32 feet long. Currently operating one-lane due to lack of parts. As is. Buyer incurs removal cost and labor. Must be removed by July 28th. Price reduced to $5,000. For more information contact Peter Herzeelle
ph373@cornell.edu, 315-781-2602.

Platform Payback Tool

Last Modified: March 2, 2017

This financial tool will assist growers in determining the annual savings by investing in a platform for pruning, hand thinning and harvest. Platforms eliminate the use of ladders and create a consistent work flow that improves labor productivity for labor intensive tasks in orchard systems.

Apple Harvest Preparation Checklist

Matthew Wells, Production Economics & Business Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: August 7, 2015

Utilize this pre-harvest checklist to ensure you have a successful harvest.  You can modify the checklist to suit your specific business.

Predicting Harvest Date Windows for Apples

Last Modified: January 14, 2014

For highest returns many factors need to be considered for harvesting fruit.  Harvest date has a major impact on apple quality after storage. The following pdf can be used to determine the best harvest window for apples.

Apple Harvesting, Handling, and Storage

Craig Kahlke, Team Leader, Fruit Quality Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: January 13, 2014

NYRAES-112, This publication is the proceedings from the Harvesting, Handling, and Storage Workshop, held on August 14, 1997 at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. Ten papers are included: "Management of Gala, Braeburn, and Fuji for Quality"; "Effect of Retainª on Storability of Apple Fruit"; "Retain™ Experiences with McIntosh and Jonagold in New York"; "Current Issues Facing Washington State Fruit Growers"; "Calibration and Use of Penetrometers, Refractometers, Gas Monitoring Equipment, and Thermometers"; "Review of Cooling Needs for Rapid CA Storage"; "Recent Research and Changing Options for Controlling Postharvest Decays of Apples"; "Do I Sell My Fruit for Fresh or Processing Markets? A Spreadsheet-Based Analysis"; "Update on Calcium and DPA Research"; and "Fresh and Minimally Processed Produce and Food Safety."(1997)

Produce Handling for Direct Marketing

Craig Kahlke, Team Leader, Fruit Quality Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: January 13, 2014

NRAES-51, Successful direct marketing of fresh fruits and vegetables depends on providing quality items in a clean and customer-friendly environment. This publication is valuable for growers who sell seasonal produce at local farmers' markets or roadside markets. It describes postharvest physiology, food safety, produce handling from harvest to storage, refrigerated storage, produce displays, and specific handling and display recommendations for over forty types of fruits and vegetables. Eleven tables and eight figures are included. (1992)

Successful direct marketing of fresh fruits and vegetables depends on providing quality items in a clean and customer-friendly environment. Produce Handling for Direct Marketing, NRAES-51, is an invaluable guide for the grower who sells seasonal produce at local farmers' markets or roadside markets.

The Commercial Storage of Fruits, Vegetables, and Florist and Nursery Stocks

Craig Kahlke, Team Leader, Fruit Quality Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: January 13, 2014

The information contained in this preliminary version of HB-66 has been assembled from information prepared by nearly 100 authors from around the world. The version posted here is a revised copy of a Draft made available online in November 2002 for author and public review and comment.

Blueberry Harvest & Postharvest Handling 2012

Last Modified: January 9, 2014

Blueberries are one of the toughest of the small fruit we harvest in the Northeast, so they are more forgiving in their handling. However, proper harvest and postharvest handling techniques will make for a higher quality product that has an extended storage and shelf life. Since nearly all of the blueberry plantings in our region are harvested by hand for the fresh market, training pickers becomes extremely important.

Bramble Harvest & Postharvest Handling 2012

Last Modified: January 9, 2014

Brambles (raspberries and blackberries) are the most delicate of the small fruit we harvest in the Northeast, so special care must be taken in their handling. Since nearly all of the bramble operations in our region are harvested by hand for the fresh market, training pickers becomes extremely important.

Forced-Air Cooling to Improve Berry Quality & Shelf-Life

Last Modified: January 9, 2014
Forced-Air Cooling to Improve Berry Quality & Shelf-Life

Berries are an extremely perishable crop, mainly due their brittle nature and high respiration rates. This is especially true of raspberries and strawberries, while blueberries, currants, and gooseberries are somewhat hardier. For every one hour delay in cooling of fruit after harvest, it is estimated that your produce will lose one day of shelf-life.

Extending Shelf-Life, Marketing Window, & Quality of Sweet Cherries in New York

Craig Kahlke, Team Leader, Fruit Quality Management
Lake Ontario Fruit Program

Last Modified: July 15, 2013

Craig J. Kahlke1, Olga I. Padilla-Zakour2, Herbert J. Cooley2, and Terence L. Robinson3
1. Lake Ontario Fruit Program, Cornell Cooperative Extension, Lockport, NY. 2. Dept. of Food Science and Technology, NY State Ag. Exp. Station, Cornell University, Geneva, NY.  3. Dept. of Hort. Sciences, NY State Ag. Exp. Station, Cornell University, Geneva, NY

The results of 6 years of trials in New York with the use of Modified Atmosphere Packaging (MAP) are summarized.  Some varieties, such as Hudson and Sam, had excellent eating quality after 6 weeks of storage in MAP liners.  Many others had acceptable eating quality at 4-5 weeks.  Still others had good eating quality in the same time frame, but some lost stems at an accelerated rate after about 3.5 weeks.  Trials on over 20 varieties are summarized in Table 2. 

Still more trials need to be performed by individual growers, using their preferred varieties and cultural practices.   It takes relatively few cherries (50-100 pounds) and just a few dollars in MAP liners to conduct a trial. 


more crops
Apples

Apples

Apricots

Apricots

Asian Pears

Asian Pears

Blueberries

Blueberries

Cherries

Cherries

Currants

Currants

Gooseberries

Gooseberries

Nectarines

Nectarines

Peaches

Peaches

Pears

Pears

Plums

Plums

Raspberries / Blackberries

Raspberries / Blackberries

Strawberries

Strawberries

Unusual Fruit

Unusual Fruit

more crops

Upcoming Events

Virtual IPM Scout Training

April 15, 2024

Join us for a live, virtual training on scouting of major insect pests of apple orchards.

View Virtual IPM Scout Training Details

2024 DEC Special Permit Handler Training - Monroe County

April 17, 2024
Rochester, NY

Last opportunity for Special Permit Training (SPT) for 2024 will be held in person at the Irondequoit Public Library.  Register by 8am April 16th.

View 2024 DEC Special Permit Handler Training - Monroe County Details

2024 Tree Fruit & Small Fruit Twilight Meetings

Event Offers DEC Credits

April 25, 2024 : Tree Fruit & Small Fruit Twilight Meetings 1 of 4
Newark, NY

Join specialists Janet Van Zoeren, Anya Osatuke, and Anna Wallis for a conversation about fruit and berry phenology and pest management, at a new location each month.


Event Offers DEC Credits

May 30, 2024 : Tree Fruit & Small Fruit Twilight Meetings 2 of 4
Lockport, NY

Join specialists Janet Van Zoeren, Anya Osatuke, and Anna Wallis for a conversation about fruit and berry phenology and pest management, at a new location each month.


Event Offers DEC Credits

June 27, 2024 : Tree Fruit & Small Fruit Twilight Meetings 3 of 4
Penn Yan, NY

Join specialists Janet Van Zoeren, Anya Osatuke, and Anna Wallis for a conversation about fruit and berry phenology and pest management, at a new location each month.


Event Offers DEC Credits

July 25, 2024 : Tree Fruit & Small Fruit Twilight Meetings 4 of 4
Mexico, NY

Join specialists Janet Van Zoeren, Anya Osatuke, and Anna Wallis for a conversation about fruit and berry phenology and pest management, at a new location each month.

View 2024 Tree Fruit & Small Fruit Twilight Meetings Details

Announcements

Scaffolds podcast

Many of you probably read Art Agnello's statewide tree fruit updates and recommendations newsletter, "Scaffolds". Dr. Monique Rivera is bringing it back, but in a new audio version. Episode one was recorded this week, and is now available for free online at https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/scaffolds


Save the Date! - Scroll down for Upcoming Events

Have you missed a meeting recently? Scroll down for available recordings or pdf links or visits our YouTube Channel https://www.youtube.com/c/LakeOntarioFruitProgram

2024 Events:

15 Apr - Virtual Orchard IPM Scout Training - 2-4pm - Zoom

17 Apr - Final Special Permit Training - 1pm-5pm - Irondequoit Library, Register by 8am April 16th

13 Aug - 2nd Annual WNY Fruit Grower Tour - Orleans County

Feb 4-5, 2025 - Western NY Fruit Conference - DoubleTree by Hilton Hotel, Rochester



Food Safety Virtual Office Hours

Cornell Institute of Food Safety "Virtual Office Hours", Tuesdays Noon to 1pm https://cals.cornell.edu/institute-for-food-safety/resources/virtual-office-hours

Past recorded virtual office hours can be found on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZJs5b7KUuvfcquH3ZtQHo5dSmF2m5MdQ


Webinar Recordings & Additional Meeting Materials

Check out the recordings of some recent webinars and/or conference materials from in person events: Recordings and Playlists are available at https://www.youtube.com/c/LakeOntarioFruitProgram

2024 Cornell Statewide Frost Protection Webinar

2024 Winter Fruit Webinars playlist on the NYS IPM Program YouTube Channel

2nd Annual Lake Ontario Fruit Program's Winter Fruit Conference - 2024 pdfs

PACMAN Details and Resources, Meeting Recording Links below:
Developers Conference for Precision Crop Load Management of Apples Playlist - 2024
PACMAN Briefing - 2023








Pollinator Resouces

Now available Pollinator Resource Links


Meeting Recordings Now Available

Did you miss the recent meeting?  Check and see if we recorded it and added it to our website or Lake Ontario Fruit Program YouTube Channel.

Honeycrisp Meetup recordings available here.

Why are my trees growing so poorly? recording available here.

Additional Recorded Webinars listing with recording and resource link are available at
https://lof.cce.cornell.edu/submission.php?id=838&crumb=crops|crops|apples|crop*38



New Publication on Growing Pawpaws

Are you a fan of pawpaws? These custardy fruits can be hard to come across, so this guide provides information on how to grow your own pawpaw from seed, and how to care for grafted seedlings. Pdf on growing now available.​ https://lof.cce.cornell.edu/submission.php?id=799&crumb=crops|crops|unusual_fruit|crop*50

New Weed Management Technology Survey

Want to move away from herbicide reliance? Are you using novel technologies to manage weeds? We want to know about it to inform our weed science research. A team of weed scientists from University of California Davis, Oregon State University, and Cornell University are asking berry, tree fruit, tree nut, and vine crop growers to take 5 to 10 minutes and answer this short and anonymous survey. Weed Technology Survey link: https://cornell.ca1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_bEpfAijoP7puQDP

For more information on this survey please visit http://blogs.cornell.edu/swd1/2020/12/02/new-weed-management-technology/


Pollinator Webinar Series - Summer 2020

The Pollinator Webinar Series presented by Penn State cover bee health and pollination services.



Bloom Pesticides for Pollinator Health

A reference table created by Janet van Zoeren and Anna Wallis, is now available at https://lof.cce.cornell.edu/submission.php?id=711&crumb=pests|pests.

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